A tripartite MoU between NCI-AIIMS, NICPR, and AIPH was signed on May 3 in Delhi to foster collaborative research in cancer epidemiology and other prevention and control activities. Asian Institute of Public Health convened a meeting of national and international experts in Cancer on May 5, 2016 in Bhubaneswar. Prof. Goura K Rath, Director, National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Control (NICPR) - Indian Council of Medical Research Prof. Ravi Mehrotra; Dr. L. R. Sarangi, Director of Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Center, Cuttack; Prof. Paul Levine a leading Cancer Epidemiologist at University of Nebrsaka Medical Center and an Adjunct Professor at AIPH and Prof. Pinaki Panigrahi, Head of Global Health and Development, UNMC, participated in the meeting. This meeting was also attended by many senior cancer experts of the state and other physicians and public health experts.
Cancer is a burgeoning problem for India and the world at large. There were approximately 14 million new cases and 8.2 million cancer related deaths in 2012. The number of new cases is expected to rise from 14 million in 2012 to 17 million in 2020. This is mainly due to population growth, aging and lifestyle changes associated with economic development. It is anticipated that there will be more than 20 million new cancer cases and 11 million deaths worldwide by 2025, with 80% of the burden falling on low- and middle-income countries.
Cancer is the second most common cause of death in India. Recent estimates suggest that in 2010, about 555,000 people died of cancer in India. About 70% of the deaths occurred in people aged between 30 and 69 years. The common causes of cancer related deaths in men included oral, and lung cancers while breast and cervical cancers were more common in women. A recent cancer-map atlas released by the Indian Council of Medical Research, showed parts of India having world’s highest incidence rates of gall bladder, mouth, and lower pharynx cancers with pockets of high incidence rates of stomach and thyroid cancer in southern India.
A recent press report released yesterday stated that deaths due to cervical cancer is on the rise, surpassing death rates due to breast cancer nationally. Odisha is not included under the National Cancer Registry Program and there are no cancer statistics available from Odisha.
This collaboration will bring expertise in clinical, population and hospital-based registries, screening, early diagnosis, epidemiology, exposure science, and finally universally accepted protocols for treatment. This will also open doors for many faculty, students, and researchers from across the globe to share best practices and design innovative country-specific programs and solutions.